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Human trafficking and migrant smuggling

Irregular migration, a concept that encompasses a wide range of activities, including people smuggling and human trafficking, has become big business for organised crime networks. The UN estimates that human trafficking alone is the third most profitable crime, after drug and arms trafficking....

With growing evidence pointing to convergence in criminal activities, and the emergence of fluid criminal networks with transient membership, it is time to consider whether the UK’s approach to tackling organised crime is suitably matched to the threats it faces.

In 2014 the...

Modern slavery is a serious and organised crime. Across many areas of criminality, organised crime groups (OCGs) are shifting away from large and risky shipments of illicit commodities like cocaine, towards low risk and high frequency activity, such as...

Brian Francis is Professor of Social Statistics at Lancaster University and Associate Director of the Violence and Society UNESCO Centre . He has worked extensively in developing quantitative research methods in criminology, particularly in the areas of criminal careers and crime seriousness. He...

Anita Lavorgna holds a PhD in International Studies with a specialisation in Criminology and an LLM (cum laude) from the University of Trento. She joined Southampton as a lecturer in Criminology in 2015. She is in the Executive Committee of the ECPR Standing Group on Organised Crime.

She...

Karen Shalev Greene is the founder and Director or the Centre of the Study of Missing Persons at the University of Portsmouth. Her research focuses on Missing Persons and she collaborates with academics, law enforcement agencies and NGOs across the UK and internationally.

Recent research...

Stuart Kirby is a Professor in Policing and Criminal Investigation at the UCLan. His first career was as a Lancashire Police Officer, retiring as Detective Chief Superintendent, with responsibility for Counter Terrorism and Organised Crime (amongst other specialist areas).

Since leaving...

Helena Carrapico joined Aston University in September 2014 as a Lecturer in Politics and International Relations. Her research focuses on European Union Justice and Home Affairs, and is comprised of two strands. The first regards specific policy fields within Justice and Home Affairs, namely...

Tim Hall is a social scientist with a background in human geography and criminology. He is interested in the relationships between globalisation and crime and has pioneered the application of perspectives from economic geography to the study of organised crime. He has published papers on these...

Georgios A. Antonopoulos obtained his doctorate from the University of Durham in 2006. He is currently professor of criminology at Teesside University. He has published in the areas of organised crime and illegal markets as well as ethnicity, crime and justice, and in a range of international...

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